Product Reviews Blog

The Right Way To Store Gasoline Long Term

Marcus Williams - Thursday, July 07, 2016

The Right Way To Store Gasoline Long Term

 

Many businesses and industries today operate with a need to store gasoline long term. It’s a common practice, especially for industrial businesses, but it can be very dangerous if not done correctly.

 

Gasoline is a volatile substance capable of causing great harm – even death – if not handled and stored properly. The liability involved in gasoline storage for businesses is great, so it’s important to ensure that all safety measures are met according to protocol each and every time.

 

OSHA Standards for Gasoline Storage

The Occupational Safety and Health Association requires that all employees provide a safe working environment for their employees. All employers must comply with official OSHA gasoline storage standards, including storing gasoline in approved metal containers that close tightly, have spring or screw covers, and are equipped with spouts to avoid spilling. Containers must also be free from leaks and other damage and must be labeled appropriately.

 

OSHA also requires gasoline storage containers to be ventilated using pressure-release valves that close automatically when not in use. They must be kept in stable temperature environment where they will receive minimal damage, and must always be re-inspected prior to use.

 

Protect Gasoline from Flames

Protect Gasoline from Flames

 

In order for a fire to occur, three elements must be present: fuel, oxygen, and a heat source (like a lit cigarette or spark from static electricity). Approved gasoline storage containers are specially-designed to minimize the risk of fire by regulating vapor emissions. They work by blocking flame from entering the container and sealing out oxygen. When used properly, these containers pose minimal risk for fire and are therefore recommended over plastic gasoline storage containers.

 

Preserve Air Quality

Fire is not the only thing to be concerned about when it comes to gasoline storage. Gasoline vapors can lead to poor air quality which can be detrimental to health. These vapors are heavier than oxygen and therefore more apt to hang low and spread throughout an enclosure.

To avoid contaminating the air with excess gasoline vapors, it is important to store gasoline in approved containers away from high-traffic areas. Separate storage buildings or gasoline storage cabinets can help keep gasoline vapors from collecting in an enclosed space, which reduces the chance of both fire and respiratory issues.

 

Types of Safety Cans

Type 1 VS Type 2 Safety Cans

 

There are two types of gasoline safety cans available. Type I cans are generally cheaper and require an attachable funnel in order to dispense easily. They have a single opening through which to fill the tank and dispense the contents. Though slightly more prone to leakage around the seal, high-quality Type I cans with compatible spouts will rarely experience this issue.

 

Type II cans feature two openings: one to fill and another – with an included spout – to dispense. Though slightly more expensive, their durability and user-friendly design makes them a favorite among many.

 

Both Type I and Type II cans come in various sizes, ranging from a single gallon capacity to a maximum of five gallons (as permitted by the OSHA). The National Fire Protection Association recommends storing no more than 25 gallons at a time.

 

Tips for Long Term Gasoline Storage

Proper gasoline storage is only one step towards overall safety. To avoid injury or harm, the following gasoline storage safety measures should always be followed:

 

 

  • Keep it away from children: Each year, 42,000 children are admitted to the ER for gasoline-related injuries. If they are too young to understand the dangers of gasoline, they should never be near it.
  • Use appropriate containers: Gasoline should never be stored in non-approved plastic containers which are prone to leakage. Likewise, tightly-sealed glass containers may cause pressure build-up in the un-ventilated container which could explode. Gasoline should always be stored in proper storage containers and should be labeled appropriately, as well.
  • Store away from high-traffic areas:Heavy gasoline vapors can accumulate quickly. Keep them away from populated areas using gasoline storage cabinets when necessary.
  • Avoid flames: One careless move could be disastrous around stored gasoline. Exercise caution around gas storage cans by avoiding ignition sources – cigarettes, static electricity or appliance pilot lights, for example – and ensure that all who have access to the area do the same.

 

Storing gasoline is necessary for many businesses and industries, but it must be done responsibly. Be sure to follow the best practices for long term gasoline storage, and consider using gasoline storage cabinets for extra safety assurance.